HARNICK, SHELDON (1924– ), U.S. songwriter. Born and raised in Chicago, Harnick began studying the violin while in grammar school. After service in the army for three years, he enrolled in the Northwestern University School of Music and earned a bachelor of music degree in 1949. Though his focus had been on the violin, Harnick developed skills as a writer of comedy sketches, songs, and parody lyrics. By the early 1950s, Harnick had moved to New York to try his skill on Broadway. His first song in a Broadway show, "The Boston Beguine," for New Faces of 1952, introduced theatergoers to the wry, subtle humor and deft wordplay indicative of a Harnick lyric. For the next few years, he contributed lyrics and songs to several Broadway shows before he joined up with jerry bock to write their own musicals. Their first, The Body Beautiful, was a moderate success, and in 1959 they wrote Fiorello\!, about the legendary, half-Jewish, combative former mayor of New York City. It won the Pulitzer Prize, the Tony award, and Drama Critics' Circle award as best musical of the year. Next was Tenderloin in 1960, set in the seamy Tenderloin district of late 19th-century New York. That was followed in 1963 by She Loves Me, a musical set in a pre-World War II ice cream parlor in Budapest whose songs like "Vanilla Ice Cream" and "She Loves Me" became classics. These shows were a prelude to Harnick and Bock's greatest success, Fiddler on the Roof, in 1964, starring zero mostel as Tevya the dairyman with five daughters. Working with the director-choreographer jerome robbins and the book writer, Joseph Stein, they created a musical masterpiece that vividly evoked a vanished community while telling a story with universal and timeless appeal. Fiddler, based on a series of short stories by shalom aleichem , earned the Tony award and a gold record for both its Broadway cast album and film soundtrack recordings. In 1971, with the Broadway production still running, the film version, starring chaim topol , was released and played worldwide. The following year the stage production, with such songs as "Tradition," "Sunrise, Sunset," Do You Love Me?," and "Matchmaker, Matchmaker, Find Me a Match," became the longest-running show in Broadway history with more than 3,000 performances, until that record was eclipsed in 1979. Over the years, the show has been performed thousands of times all over the world in dozens of languages, common and obscure. After Fiddler, Bock and Harnick collaborated on The Apple Tree in 1966, three one-act musicals, and The Rothschilds (1970), a musical based on the founding of the banking dynasty. The partnership foundered at that point, but Harnick went on to collaborate with a number of well-known Broadway and film figures, including richard rodgers , mary rodgers , Michel Legrand, and Joe Raposo. Harnick also provided English-language librettos for classical operas and oratorios, including works by Stravinsky, Ravel, Mozart, Bach, and Verdi. He also wrote the theme songs for two films, both with music by cy coleman : The Heartbreak Kid in 1972 and Blame It on Rio in 1984. (Stewart Kampel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sheldon Harnick — Harnick began his career writing words and music to comic songs in musical revues. One of these, The Merry Minuet , was popularized by the Kingston Trio. It is in the caustic style usually associated with Tom Lehrer and is sometimes incorrectly… …   Wikipedia

  • Sheldon Harnick — est un parolier américain. Né le 30 avril 1924, il est notamment connu pour ses collaborations avec le compositeur Jerry Bock, et les spectacles à succès qu’ils ont créés ensemble, par exemple Un violon sur le toit. Sommaire 1 Notes et références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Inductees of the Songwriters Hall of Fame — Dates of induction to the Songwriters Hall of Fame are given alongside the names A*Adams, Lee (1989) *Adamson, Harold (1972) *Adler, Richard (1984) *Ager, Milton (1972) *Ahlert, Fred (1970) *Akst, Harry (1983) *Alter, Louis (1975) *Anderson,… …   Wikipedia

  • Songwriters Hall of Fame — Die Songwriters Hall of Fame ist eine Organisation zu Ehren verdienter Komponisten und Texter populärer Musik in den USA mit Sitz in New York City. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte und Zielsetzungen 2 Jährliche Auszeichnungen 3 Mitglieder der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Зал славы композиторов — и авторов популярной музыки (англ. Songwriters Hall of Fame (SHOF))  американская общественная организация, созданная в поддержку заслуженных композиторов и авторов популярных песен в США и подающих надежды молодых талантов. Является… …   Википедия

  • 1964 in music — Events*January 1 Top of the Pops premieres on BBC television. *January 3 Footage of the Beatles performing a concert in Bournemouth, England is shown on The Jack Paar Show . *January 15 Vee Jay Records files a lawsuit against Capitol Records and… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack Beeson — (born July 15, 1921 in Muncie, Indiana) is an American composer. He is known particularly for his operas, the best known of which are Lizzie Borden , Hello Out There! and The Sweet Bye and Bye .Beeson studied privately with Béla Bartók. His… …   Wikipedia

  • Tony Award for Best Musical — This is a list of winners and nominations for the Tony Award for Best Musical, first awarded in 1949.Awards and nominations1940s;1949: – Kiss Me, Kate : Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Samuel and Bella Spewack 1950s;1950: – South Pacific …   Wikipedia

  • Jerry Bock — Background information Birth name Jerrold Lewis Bock Born November 23, 1928(1928 11 23) …   Wikipedia

  • The Apple Tree — Infobox Musical name= The Apple Tree caption= music= Jerry Bock lyrics= Sheldon Harnick book= Jerry Bock Sheldon Harnick Jerome Coopersmith basis= Mark Twain s The Diary of Adam and Eve Frank R. Stockton s The Lady or the Tiger? Jules Feiffer s… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.